Classical Chinese Jin caught

From the above examples, we can see that the so-called use of allusions must meet three conditions: first

From the above examples, we can see that the so-called use of allusions must meet three conditions: first, quote the past to explain the present; second, the ancient events or ancient sayings are specifically referred to; third, the words are simple and have many meanings. According to the first condition, historical narration is intended to introduce ancient events, not to use allusions. What needs to be specially explained here is that the second condition is that ancient things or ancient words are specifically referred to, because it involves the demarcation between allusions and non-allusions. This problem is difficult to deal with because there are no clear boundaries. As the saying goes, a big copy of an article through the ages, we speak, write articles, as small as a word is the past, this is not the use of ancient? The key lies in whether the so-called ancient is specific. For example, when we say "to drive a horse", we only think of "to be able to be ordinary", which is not a specific reference, so it is not an allusion; when we say "to drive a horse ten times", we think of Xunzi's Encouragement of Learning, which is a specific reference, so it is an allusion. Theoretically, then,Self-closing Shower Valve, the line seems to be clear; but when it comes to specific sentences, it is not necessarily without trouble. There are two kinds of common troubles: one is that ancient events or sayings are condensed into common words (including idioms), such as luggage, gambling, and going all out, which are said to be allusions, but the people who use them will hardly think of their hometown, Zuo Zhuan. Is this an allusion? I don't know. Second,Stainless Steel Prison Toilet, the sentences are similar or the same, such as Wang Xizhi's "Preface to the Collection of Orchid Pavilion", "Knowing one's life and death is a false birth, Qi Pengshang is a false work", which is similar to Liu Kun's "Reply to Lu Kun's Book", "Knowing Zhou's false birth, Si Zong's false work". Is it quoted? It is also hard to say. Another example is Zheng Banqiao's saying in the fourth book of Fan Xian Shu Zhong Ji She Di Mo that "I grew up as a farmer so that I could not live in the world." The words are very common, and it is very appropriate to use them here. Is this a quote from Yang Yun's "Bao Sun Hui Zong Shu" that "I grew up as a farmer so that I could not live in the world?"? Naturally, only ask Zheng Banqiao to know. In short, the boundary between allusions and non-allusions is not always clear, and I am afraid there is no good way to deal with this kind of unclear boundary except to be satisfied with not understanding it thoroughly. Two Classical Chinese often uses allusions, because literati like to use allusions. Love becomes a hobby, so he picks up his pen and wants to play with the antiques in his stomach. As a result, allusions are not only full of poetry, but also spread beyond poetry. Besides poetry and prose, Stainless Steel Squatting Pan ,push button toilet flush valve, allusions are commonly used in people's names, such as Liu Zhiji, who used the "Book of Changes", "Know the spirit of it"; Meng Haoran, who used the "Mencius Gongsun Chou I", "I am good at cultivating my noble spirit"; Hu Sansheng, who uses the "Analects of Confucius" and "I examine myself three times a day". There are place names (including yuan Ting Zhai Shi, etc.), such as Taoyuan County, using Tao yuanming's "Peach Blossom Spring"; Songjiang County, also known as Yunjian, using Lu Yun's "Yunjian Lu Shilong" in "Shi Shuo Xin Yu Pai Diao"; Humble Administrator's Garden, using Pan Yue's "Leisure Residence Ode", "This is also the humble government"; Canglang Pavilion, using "Mencius Li Lou Shang", "The water of Canglang; To know the deficiency of Zhai, we use the Book of Rites, Xueji, to "learn and then know the deficiency". There are titles, such as "Chicken Rib Compilation", which uses the annotation of the 24th year of Jian'an in the History of the Three Kingdoms, Wudi Ji, to quote Yang Xiu's words recorded in the Spring and Autumn Annals of Jiuzhou, "It is a pity to throw away the chicken, but there is nothing to gain from eating it"; "Qi Dong Ye Yu", which uses the words of "Qi Dong Ye Ren" in Mencius Wanzhang Shang; "Guan Cone Compilation" uses Zhuangzi. Others can be analogized. Why do you like allusions so much? There are many reasons. The most important one is probably to show off learning, thinking that otherwise it is not elegant enough to show that they have knowledge. This kind of psychology can be represented by Huang Shanku, who highly praised Du Fu's poems in Korean, so he said: "Old Du Fu wrote poems and retired his writings, without a word." Another example is Wang Jinggong, who has profound learning ability and great courage, and is often supercilious, but when he sees Su Dongpo's poems on snow, in which "Yulou" and "Yinhai" quote Taoist books, he greatly admires them. Secondly, there are many people who have a solid foundation, are familiar with ancient books, write to express ideas, and list ancient events and sayings in front of them, so they use allusions without caring about them. Thirdly, it is easy to get used to it, and the use of allusions becomes a familiar way, but it takes a lot of effort. Thirdly, when the use of allusions becomes a common practice, some people will feel that some articles written with allusions are more interesting than those written without allusions, such as Su Dongpo's poem "Ci Yun Huang Lu Zhi Mocking Xiao De", which uses concubine allusions throughout. In addition,Self-closing Faucet, there is an important reason, sometimes the use of allusion, the expression effect can be better (this point is left to the next section).